hazelnut

Hazelnut from Black Sea Region of Turkey

Finest quality of hazelnuts from the Black Sea region of Turkey, where 70 % of the world’s hazelnut demand is provided.

It has been mentioned in historical documents that hazelnut was produced 2300 years ago in the Black Sea coast on the north of Turkey and it is known that hazelnut has been exported from Turkey to other countries for the last 6 centuries.

hazelnut-harvestTurkey, which is one of the few countries in the world with favourable weather conditions for hazelnut production, accounts for 75% of the global production and 70-75% of the exportation.

Hazelnut fields, widely spread in the Black Sea coasts of Turkey, have been located within 30 km from the coast towards inland. In the western Black Sea, it starts from Zonguldak and extends to the east over the entire Black Sea like a green strip lying between the sea and the mountains almost until the Georgian boundary.

4.000.000 people are directly or indirectly related to hazelnut which has been produced on an area of 550-600 thousand hectares in Turkey, which is a fact that boosts the socio-economic importance of hazelnut.

Turkey has a distinguished place among the other hazelnut producers in the world, thanks to its high quality, and maintains its leading position in production and exportation.

Types of Turkish Hazelnut

The Turkish hazelnut, according to its quality is divided into two groups: Giresun and Levant.

Giresun Quality

“Giresun Quality” hazelnuts are those round-shaped hazelnuts, which grow in Giresun and in certain districts of Trabzon. “Giresun Quality” hazelnuts are the world’s highest-quality hazelnuts.

Levant Quality

These hazelnuts, which are named according to their production areas such as Levant Akçakoca, Levant Ordu, Levant Trabzon, and Levant Samsun, do contain generally more fat and are better in taste than the hazelnuts grown in other countries although they are poorer in fat content compared to the “Giresun Quality” hazelnuts.

Shelled, Natural and Processed ranges of Hazelnut from Turkey

The production is made by the standards TS3074 for in shell hazelnuts, TS3075 for natural hazelnuts andTS1917 for every type of processed hazelnuts.

Hazelnut in Shell 

hazelnut-shelledHazelnut with shell intact surrounding the kernel.

Size: 17+, 18+, 19+ mm

Packing: 25/50/80 kg jute bags

Usage: Snack as roasted and salted

 

 

 

Natural Hazelnut Kernels

natural-hazelnutNatural kernel with brown skin attached.

Size: 9-11 mm, 11-13 mm, 13-15 mm, 14-16 mm or any calibre with 1-2 mm intervals from 9 mm to 16 mm

Packing: 25/50/80 kg jute bags, 25/40 kg paper bags, 5/10/12.5/20/25 kg transparent, aluminium vacuum bags with or without cartons, 500/700/800/1000 kg big bags

Usage: Snack and bakery

 

 

 

 

Blanched Hazelnut Kernels

blanched-hazelnutNatural hazelnut kernel is processed with heat, so the skin is peeled, and the hazelnut kernel takes it blanched form with 5% skin and 4-5% of the desired humidity level.

Size: 9-11 mm, 11-13 mm, 13-15 mm or any calibre with  1-2 mm intervals from 9 mm – 15 mm

Packing: 25/50 kg nylon jute bags, 25/40 kg paper bags, 5/10/12.5/20/25 kg transparent, aluminium vacuum bags with or without cartons, 500/800/1000 kg big bags

Usage: Snack and bakery

 

Roasted Hazelnut Kernels

roasted-hazelnutNatural hazelnut kernel is processed with heat, so the skin is peeled, and the hazelnut kernel takes it roasted form with 5% skin (or up to 50% skin upon request) and 0.8-3% of the desired humidity level.

Size: 9-11 mm, 11-13 mm, 13-15 mm or any calibre with 1-2 mm intervals from 9 mm-15 mm

Packing: 25/50 kg nylon jute bags, 25/40 kg paper bags, 5/10/12.5/20/25 kg transparent, aluminium vacuum bags with or without cartons, 500/800/1000 kg big bags

Usage: Snack and bakery

 

 

 

Sliced Hazelnut

hazelnut-slicedNatural or blanched hazelnut kernels tiny sliced lengthwise with brown skin, and 4-6% humidity.

Size: 0.7-1 mm, 0.8-1.2 mm, 1-1.2 mm, 1-1.5 mm

Packing: 10/12,5/20 kg nylon bags in carton boxes

Usage: Bakery and breakfast

 

 

 

 

 

 

Diced Hazelnut

hazelnut-roasted-dicedNatural/roasted/blanched hazelnut kernels are produced by cutting or crushing into smaller pieces.

Size: Intervals from 0-12 mm or any calibre with 0-4 mm, 1-3 mm, 2-4 mm, 3-5 mm, 4-8 mm, 5-11 mm, 7-11 mm and 0-10 mm

Packing: 25/50 kg nylon jute bags, 25/40 kg paper bags, 5/10/12.5/20/25 kg transparent, aluminium vacuum bags with or without cartons, 500/800/1000 kg big bags

Usage: Bakery, for breakfast, ice-cream, biscuit and chocolate

Hazelnut Powder

hazelnut-powderNatural/blanched/roasted hazelnut kernels are grinded into powder with skin and with 4-6% or 0,8-3% humidity.

Size: 0-1.5 mm, 0-2 mm, 0-3 mm

Packing: 25/50 kg nylon jute bags, 25/40 kg paper bags, 5/10/12.5/20/25 kg transparent, aluminium vacuum bags with or without cartons

Usage: Bakery, biscuit, ice-cream and different healthy foods

 

 

 

 

Hazelnut Paste

hazelnut-pasteRoasted hazelnut kernels are crushed and mashed by pressing. Dark, Medium, Light Roasted

Size: Between 20-80µ in line with costumer demand

Packing: 30/60/200/220 kg plastic barrels suitable for food, 20/55/200 kg metal barrels, 1000 kg tanks

Usage: Bakery, chocolate, biscuits, ice-cream and waffles

 

Hazelnut Paste with Sugar – Praline

A mixture of roasted hazelnut paste offered in specific proportions.

Size: <30 µ

Packing: 10/25 kg plastic buckets, 30/60 kg plastic barrels

Usage: Bakery, chocolate and ice-cream

Harvesting of Hazelnut

hazelnut-harvest-2Turkish hazelnut generally grows ripe between the beginning and the end of August, depending on the altitude of the field. Timely harvest is done by picking up the hazelnuts with leaves that fall to ground when the branches are shaken off. Another method of harvesting is the one where the hazelnuts are picked one by one from the branches.

After being collected from the fields, hazelnuts are blended on the same day or a few days later depending on the field status and laid to make a bed of 10-15 cm thickness to be pre-dried under the sun until their leaves turn brown.

After drying, hazelnuts are separated from their leaves using harvesting machine (thresher) and laid over canopies in thin layers to be dried under the sun. Total period of drying, including the pre-drying, can be maximum 15-20 days depending on the weather conditions. Drying naturally and under the sun is an important factor that gives the Turkish hazelnut its special taste.

Hazelnut Production and Hazelnut Export

Currently, there are 180 breaking plants with an internal capacity of 1.800.000 tons per annum and 40 processing plants with an internal capacity of 350.000 tons per annum in our country.

In 1970’s, 90% of our hazelnut export was in the form of hazelnuts with shell and natural hazelnut seeds but with the positive and fast developments in hazelnut processing industry, processed hazelnut exports started to account for 30% of our total exports in 2000.

In parallel to the complete fulfillment of buyers’ requirements with the effective and careful quality control systems in every phase of production, particularly processed hazelnut seed exports are increasing every year. The processed hazelnuts prepared in our country have higher quality than the processed hazelnuts prepared by many exporters-manufacturers in their own plants by purchasing natural hazelnuts.

Applications

Besides being consumed as snack both in Turkey and in the world, about 90% of hazelnuts are used in roasted, whitened, minced, sliced, powder and puree form as a side-ingredient in chocolate, biscuit, confectionery industry, in making sweets, pastries and ice-cream and in meals and salads.

Hazelnuts Usage Areas

hazelnut-in-chocolateChocolate: Whole kernel, diced, paste, mealhazelnut-in-cake

Bakery: Diced, meal, paste

Mixed nuts: Roasted, blanched, natural whole kernels

Cookie: Diced, paste, meal

Ice-cream: Diced

Salads, coffee: Hazelnut oil

 

 

 

 

 

Beneficial to Human Health

Hazelnut is rich in unsaturated fats and beneficial to human health. They do not contain cholesterol.

Main Ingredients of Turkish Hazelnuts (100 g of hazelnuts);

Energy (kcal) 640.00, Fat (g) 62.60,

Palmitic Acid 2.96%, Stearic Acid 0.52%, Oleic Acid 90.71%, Linoleic Acid 5.81%,

Protein (g) 19.65, Carbohydrates (g) 11.90, Moisture (g), 3.02, Fiber (g) 1.81, Potassium (mg) 456.40, Magnesium (mg) 146.59, Calcium (mg) 127.64, Vitamin E 23.14, Iron (mg) 4.99, Zinc (mg) 2.04, Sodium (mg) 0.28,

Vitamin B6 (mg) 0.242, Vitamin B1 (mg) 0.210, Vitamin B2 (mg) 0.114

You can consider the hazelnut a mineral and vitamin tablet due to it’s proven valuable contributions to human health.

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